Cueva de las Maravillas

Localizada en el paraje Boca de Soco, de la provincial San Pedro de Macorís, la Cueva de las Maravillas contiene una de las mejores muestras del arte rupestre aborigen Taíno de la parte este de la isla de Santo Domingo o Hispaniola.  De igual manera, exhibe una diversidad de concreciones suficientemente amplias como para tener una idea de todo lo que puede originarse dentro de una caverna en materia de formaciones secundarias: estalactitas, coladas, colgaduras, tours, pisolitas, columnas, etc.

La primera documentación sobre esta cueva fue realizada en octubre de 1949 por el profesor Francisco Richiez y un grupo de estudiantes y miembros del entonces Museo Nacional.  En 1968 se realizó un estudio somero sobre sus manifestaciones rupestres a cargo del doctor Fernando Morbán Laucer.

En 1972, se analizaron microscópicamente los componentes químicos de las pinturas.  En 1977, se practicaron excavaciones en su interior dirigidas por el doctor Marcio Veloz Maggiolo. En 1984, una expedición italiana acompañada por espeleólogos dominicanos hizo su primera medición.

En 1993, el especialista francés Alain Gilbert profundizo en el carácter funerario de las pinturas rupestres de la cueva.  Durante los últimos 10 años, la Cueva de las Maravillas estuvo expuesta al mas grosero vandalismo, por lo que en el año 2000, la Secretaria de Estado de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales asume su recuperación y puesta en valor.

La cueva se abre en roca caliza arrecifal perteneciente a la unidad geomorfológico conocida como Llano Costero Sur oriental.  En su formación geológica intervienen predominantemente las formaciones coralinas y los animales que conformaron ese ambiente durante el final del pleistoceno.  Esta parte de la isla se estima que inició su aparición en la superficie hace aproximadamente cien mil años. La Cueva de las Maravillas es parte de una enorme cadena de cuevas abiertas en todo el Llano Costero como resultado de la actividad hídrica subterránea: aguas que bajan subterráneamente hacia el mar desde la Cordillera Oriental y las aguas que absorbe el llano debido a la característica porosa de su geología cársica.

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Su desarrollo interior horizontal lineal es de unos 800 metros, de los cuales el equipo de la Secretaría de Estado de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales utilizó 240 metros para su habilitación turística educacional.  Siendo la primera caverna en la que se utilizan los últimos conocimientos de manejo turístico de cuevas; La Cueva de las Maravillas cuenta con un elevador para permitir el acceso de personas con discapacidad físico-motora, problemas de sobrepeso, personas de edad avanzada y niños.  Esto la convierte también en la primera área protegida del país con habilitación especial para discapacitados.  La mayor parte del espacio de la cueva escogido para su habitación había sido severamente alterado por la extracción comercial de murcielaguina (guano de murciélagos) durante los años 50 y 60, perdiéndose con esa alteración, valiosa información arqueológica y biológica.

La cueva posee en su interior 472 pictografías (pinturas sobre las paredes) y 19 petroglifos (grabados sobre la roca), predominando el color negro en las pinturas, pero destacándose representaciones hechas en altorrelieve con arcilla roja.  En el material utilizado para las pinturas se destaca la presencia de caolinita y haloisita, determinando su color negro la goethita.

Entre las figuras representadas en la cueva, además de las humanas, encontramos lechuzas, murciélagos, iguanas y culebras, siendo las más comunes aquellas asociadas a ritos funerarios, como son la lechuza y el murciélago.

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Durante los trabajos realizados por la Secretaría de Estado de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales se hicieron excavaciones que arrojaron información sobre culturas aborígenes que utilizaron la cueva durante diferentes períodos.  La cultura más reciente fue la Taína, a las que corresponden las pictografías de su interior y cuya edad se estima entre 800 y 500 años.  Sin embargo, restos arqueológicos y osamentas humanas encontradas durante estos trabajos comparan estos restos con los encontrados y fechados en otros lugares de la isla y del Caribe con edades entre 4 mil y 5 mil años.  Aún no han sido fechados los materiales encontrados en la Cueva de las Maravillas, pues los trabajos continúan.

Como en todas las cuevas del Trópico, la fauna predominante en esta cueva es la de murciélagos, de la que tres especies habitan en espacios que no han sido tocados durante su habilitación.  Otras muchas especies de animales como son los torglobios (específicos de cavernas) han sido encontradas aquí y actualmente bajo estudio.

986 thoughts on “Cueva de las Maravillas

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    61. i simply love it and suits you! I am forever looking at jumpsuits, pallazo pants and suits, for me it is finding the right one for me! I have a similar dress that i found this summer and love it!I am not crazy about X-Mas as well, this year can not do much with the tendinitis, Mr. D will have to do most of the work!Ariane

    62. Michael: You live in a strange world. In the world that I live in (which is the real world), the idea of Florida being more likely to go to Rom­ney than North Car­olina would be con­sid­ered (and is) ridiculous. I’m still look­ing at a 50–49 Rom­ney win in NC, FL being the coin flip state, and Obama win­ning all the other swing states. This leads to an EV total of either 303–235 or 332–206 depend­ing on Florida. Either way, Obama wins, so I’m pretty optimistic.

    63. Thank you for your website post. Thomas and I are already saving for just a new book on this subject and your short article has made us to save our own money. Your thinking really clarified all our problems. In fact, a lot more than what we had acknowledged in advance of the time we discovered your superb blog. I actually no longer nurture doubts including a troubled mind because you have attended to our own needs here. Thanks

    64. nov23 Hej Per,Jeg er sikker på at Marcus nok skal kommentere dine meget interessante pointer i forhold til det fagfaglige omkring matematisk, men vil bare lige korrigere dine formuleringer om Pages.Pages er Apples skriveværktøj og jeg tænker du mener Numbers som Marcus refererer til i artiklen. Så forvent altså en vurdering af Numbers!Mh.Andreas

    65. hmmm…Pansy, Zola and Golden Violet were my great-great aunts and great grandmother, respectively. I think Golden Violet is a beautiful name, and we talked about it for our daughter, but we were worried about it being shortened to Goldie, which I don’t care for, and Vy, which is ok, but it hardly does justice to the full name. I do like Zola, however…maybe I should postpone the whole tube-tying thing.And yes, I do remember those paints, and they did look scrumptious. And I still have the ornaments!

    66. Спасибо большое,думаю это мне поможет.Хочу начать новую жизнь с 0,и начать все это сразу с понедельника,так как начинать надо с чего то нового,и так будет проще дальше.Если вы не против,я иногда буду вам писать,как мои успехи в борьбе с данной проблемой…Так как больше не кому так доверится нельзя,кроме этого места,анонимно.

    67. escrigué:Raon,Moltes gràcies per aquestes paraules.10MIL si va ser alguna cosa, crec que sí, va ser principalment un acte col·lectiu en el que ens vam aplegar gent de diferents partits o idees, amb un objectiu. Sense el treball de molts no ho haguéssim fet. Crec que els objectius que teníem avui podem dir que s’han acomplert. Confio que la unitat triomfi, si anem junts això està fet. Tota iniciativa, per petita que sigui, ajuda si s’enfoca a la mateixa diana.Sóc optimista.

    68. That WAS pretty funny, Chantrelle!I am HOME HOME HOME!!!!!! For all night, sleeping in my own Bed with Bengals!Thinking about riding, doing things around the house, catching up and being a sloth. Huge plans for the evening you can see.First tho, some leash walking for Venus and Mim!

    69. Fran comentou em 17 de agosto de 2011 às 14:46. Incrível, ficou lindo, mesmo a modelo sendo quem é 🙂 deu um “up”. Estou morrendo de vontade de por em prática as dicas. Super parabéns, esse espaço é perfeito, informações e dicas ótimas, conteúdo variado, enfim, conteúdo que REALMENTE ajuda as leitoras, sem narcisismo nem arrogância. Cada vez mais fã do Petiscos… 😀

    70. Universityof California Berkeley Chancellor Robert J Birgeneau($500,000 salary), displaces qualified for public university education at Cal.Californians with $50,600 FOREIGN students. Ranked # 70 by Forbes, the University of CaliforniaBerkeley is not increasing enrollment.  $50,600 FOREIGN students are accepted byBirgeneau at the expense of qualified instate students. Your opinions make a difference; email UC Board ofRegents Â

    71. अविनाश वाचस्पति जी का हार्दिक आभार…..पर ऐसी होड़ के लिए मैं अपने को अनुपयुक्त मानता हूँ.बाकी आप के इस भगीरथ-कार्य के लिए साधुवाद !

    72. I rode it now just recently. Hades might be one of the craziest rides ive ever been on. Its so fast its unreal and so insane I kinda even wanted it to be over. There were deffinatley some rough parts, but the ride no doubt gave an incredible rush. I would say that it is insanely thrilling, but don't expect to have a hands in the air fun ride. This is one ride you can't help but hold on.

    73. I've read this book and truly enjoyed it. I don't find rage and compassion to be self canceling, particularly in our contemporary world. But maybe you were being sarcastic? Bruen makes the country, with its inconsistencies come alive, and for me, that is very engaging. And, yes, you were missed.

    74. Простор будет. Но для сравнения нужны какие-то условия, а то каждый пришлёт просто свой самый лучший бит и всё.

    75. I have often thought that the US should support the resurrection of the Ottoman Empire. All the lands from Egypt and Saudi Arabia back through the Levant to Turkey proper should be returned.The only problem with the idea is I believe Wahabbism has infected Turkey and the Turks would probably not be as, ahem, “efficient” at managing the Arabs as they were in the past.

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    77. Thanks Wendy! I love doing the same thing… I’ve started keeping my own closet stash in the same way you have. I had a section for school supplies knowing I was making these buckets and a section for baby supplies for my cousin’s upcoming baby shower, cat food for a friend that has a kitten. I love it! Couponing is so much fun! Congrats on your 1 year… I’m not sure how long I have been doing it total since I was on and off in the past. Thanks for following my blog and Facebook!

    78. Hoi xxFEELINGS, er zijn heel veel dingen die bepaeln of je goed kunt afvallen. Naast wat je eet en hoeveel je beweegt, maakt het bijvoorbeeld ook uit of je genoeg slaapt, genoeg water drinkt en niet teveel stress hebt. Als je het precies wilt weten voor jouw situatie, is een persoonlijke analyse misschien een idee. Je vindt hem op de Weg met de Weegschaal website.Groeten, Meijke

    79. Well, the gloves came off in Florida some years ago now and this signals to all that they are not going to be put back on again. Some groups in the US, like Afro-Americans, would argue that the gloves were never on in the first place. It has been a long time coming but the citizens of the US will have to go back to old fashioned struggle for their democracy and basic freedoms. Perhaps this is a better outcome in so far as there can be no further illusions after this. Citizen Murdoch, first among equals.

    80. This may not be the ideal place to inquire about this, but I’m trying to find a pest management provider inside the pittsburgh area and have no method to find out who’s the most effective. I uncovered this business which is truly close to me and wanted to see if anybody has any assessments on them. Spectrum Pest Control, 3058 West Liberty Avenue, Dormont, PA 15216 – (412) 446-2802

    81. I hadn’t thought about how much the weight impacts things when they do get sick, until I saw him weak and on the IV, actually: for me, I couldn’t leave him another day once he started vomiting, because I wouldn’t be able to get any meds or fluids into him, which meant he’d be likely to dehydrate.Anyway, hopefully he won’t be sick again…

    82. ASC walaalayaal maashaallaah saan ugu farxay blogan waxaad ubadan baan ka faa iideystay aad iyo aad baan idiinku madcelinayaa waxaan aad iyo aad uga helay oo aan layaabay ssawiradaquruxda badan ee ee mogadiscio iyo heesaha aadka umacaan aad ku lifaaqdeen waxaan arkay 3casho ka hor markasta oo aan 5 daqiiqo helo waan galaa blogan grazie grazie

    83. Are you kidding me? This is so fantastic! Move over pumpernickel spinach, enter Angie! Ricotta is a great filler – a nice protein rich contrast to the bread and delicious too. I'm curious whether the filling falls out when you slice the bread, but it doesn't appear to. This is really great!

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    85. son due le cose: o la tua conoscenza del movimento di Grillo è limitata al luogo comune del "capellone pieno di soldi" o la tua è pura e semplice (e classica, devo dire) propaganda atta a screditare le voci fuori dal coro.Grillo sbraita? Ha le imprese in Svizzera, che taccia.Di Pietro accusa? Ha i suoi scheletri nell'armadio pure lui, si vergogni.E lo status quo viene mantenuto.Restaci tu, col Nano.

    86. This is so exciting– I recently took an entirely new direction with my blogging, too. It’s such an amazing (& um, FREEING) feeling, isn’t it??I want to be free to share love constantly, to laugh, to dream big and to focus on meaningful work.

    87. Ffeindwyd, ffynhonnell anhysbys:“Y Gododdin: For those of you who aren’t familiar with the 6th century Welsh poem due to linguistical reasons, here’s a quick summary: it’s a poem about a bunch of pissheads that were so drunk after a year on mead that they thought that their army of 300 men could easily take the 100,000 strong opposition….hhmm…they certainly learnt their lesson.